Laboratory Analysis of Returned Samples (LARS)
The ROSES 2024 Laboratory Analysis of Returned Samples (LARS) Program Appendix C.16
Notice: This is a No Due Date (NoDD) program. Proposals may be submitted at any time, pending certain eligibility timing issues related to resubmissions and duplicate proposal avoidance. See Appendix C.16, Section 3, Appendix C.1, Section 2.4 , and for additional submission instructions.
Proposals submitted to this program element must include an Open Science and Data Management Plan (OSDMP). See Section 3.7 of C.1 for information on content. The OSDMP must be placed in a special section, not to exceed two pages in length, immediately following the References and Citations section for the Scientific/Technical/Management portion of the proposal.
Proposers are strongly advised to read Appendix C.1 in its entirety to help ensure that they have all the necessary information to be compliant with their proposal submission.
The goal of the Laboratory Analysis of Returned Samples (LARS) Program is to maximize the science derived from planetary sample-return missions. Activities supported by LARS fall into two categories: (1) development of laboratory instrumentation and/or advanced techniques required for the analysis of returned samples; (2) direct analysis of samples already returned to Earth.
All proposed work must be in support of the overarching goals of the Planetary Science Research Program to help ascertain the content, origin, and evolution of the Solar System and the potential for life elsewhere, consistent with the strategy for Planetary Science Exploration embodied in Science 2020-2024: A Vision for Scientific Excellence(formerly known as the Science Plan).
Proposals are solicited to develop new analytical instrumentation or combinations of analytical instruments, or new components of analytical instruments, leading to significant improvements in the precision, resolution, or sensitivity of measurements compared to the existing state of the art, and to enable new types of measurements. Also solicited are proposals for the development of new analytical techniques for existing instrumentation that will push the limits of current technology, for example, by the elimination of analytical interferences or contamination problems. In all cases, both the development efforts and the clear relevance to NASA sample-return missions must be documented.
Proposals are solicited to conduct analytical studies of astro materials already returned by planetary missions. LARS also supports Method/Instrumentation Development proposals to prepare for future sample-return missions. Highest priority will be given to proposals addressing missions already selected for or in flight and to those which can best demonstrate the timeliness of the effort. See Appendix C.16, Section 1.4 for a list of some of the missions that may return samples to Earth in the future.
The standard rule for use of mission data has been that unless otherwise specified, spacecraft mission data to be used in proposed work must be available in the Planetary Data System (PDS), or an equivalent, publicly accessible, archive, at least 30 days prior to the full proposal due date. For No Due Date (NoDD) programs the 30-day rule applies to the submission date of the proposal rather than the due date. The calendar of record for data released in the PDS is the PDS Data Release Calendar.
The following completed missions have returned samples, and may be the targets of either Instrument/Method Development or Sample Analysis proposals to LARS
(Subject to exclusion in C.16, Section 2.1.1)
Mission Links for More Information

Genesis The Genesis Mission Page
  The Genesis Curation Website
Stardust The Stardust Mission Page
  The Stardust Curator's Website
Hayabusa Hayabusa Curation
Hayabusa2 JAXA Hayabusa2 Curation
  NASA Hayabusa2 Curation
OSIRIS-REx The OSIRIS-REx Mission Page
LARS does not support work principally relevant to past lunar sample-return missions, work to study returned space-flown hardware that has been exposed to micrometeorite impacts, unless associated with one of the missions listed in C.16, Section 1.3 , research on astromaterials collected on Earth (e.g., meteorites, micrometeorites, cosmic dust) unless these analyses are directly in support of the analysis of currently available mission-returned samples or are needed as part of a development effort, or efforts to develop instruments for flight on planetary missions.